1008 Catalytic impact of airports in Norway

1008 Catalytic impact of airports in Norway

Author(s):

Nigel Halpern, Svein Bråthen

Publisher:

Møreforsking Molde AS

Principal:

Norwegian Ministry of Transport and Communications

Report nr:

1008
|

Isbn/Issn:

978-82-7830-150-0

Publication type:

Rapport
|

Page number:

110

This study investigates the catalytic impact of airports in Norway. In particular, it investigates the impact that airports have on regional accessibility, social development and economic competitiveness. The findings are based on two main phases of research. The first phase consists of desk research on the findings of previous studies in Norway and of original analysis of published data for Norway. The second phase consists of a case study on two airports in Norway; Ålesund Airport and Brønnøysund Airport. The case study compares the opinions of residents and businesses served by the respective airports and is based on the findings of a postal survey that was completed by over 2 000 residents and an online survey that was completed by over 350 businesses.


The analysis finds that airports play an important role in securing the accessibility of regions in Norway. Regional accessibility as a result of having a local airport is able to enhance opportunities for the social development of residents such as being better able to: travel for work and leisure; maintain contact with friends or relatives; attend or participate in sport or cultural activities and events; and, access basic services such as health and education. Regional accessibility as a result of having a local airport is also able to enhance regional economic competitiveness by: providing opportunities for the development of businesses; promoting the export of products or services; enhancing business operations and production; and, influencing business investment decisions. Local airports also have a wider impact on their region by influencing the location and retention of residents and businesses.


The analysis finds that impacts vary for the different airports and tend to reflect the size and scope of services at the airport and the specific characteristics of the region.